Drip irrigation is a type of micro-irrigation system that has the potential to save water and nutrients by allowing water to drip slowly to the roots of plants, either from above the soil surface or buried below the surface. The goal is to place water directly into the root zone and minimize evaporation.
Drip is the commonly used irrigation system in Kenya, with the others being overhead and surface irrigation. Drip lines are efficient in water dispensation due to localized irrigation near the root.
Installation cost depends on various factors such as for a farmer who wants to install drip irrigation for floriculture or orange farming in which plants are 3 meters apart it will cost him about Ksh 80,000 per acre. For plants that are planted in 6X6 pattern drip irrigation cost only about Ksh per acre 80,000. When buying drip pipes, consider quality, durability, and the water flow rate. One should also ensure that the pipes used are from reliable suppliers.
“Mnyunyizi” Swahili for irrigation, is a 1-acre drip irrigation kit that is targeted at smallholder farmers in arid and semi-arid lands. Mnyunyizi is a complete irrigation system that comes with all the required materials needed to ensure all-year food production for these farmers. The cost includes; Drip irrigation lines (15cm,17.5cm and 30cm spacing), P.E pipe sub-main 1″, Starters and Connections, End Caps, Water Filter, Water tank 1,000 Litre, and Installation Labor. The total cost is sh148,875 for 1 acre.