Vaccination In Rwanda

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Rwanda has a good track record of always taking the lead in terms of vaccination; prevention of diseases through Vaccination which has far reduced infant and child mortality rate in the country.

Rwanda’s Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI), was founded in 1978, one year after the World Health Organization’s. EPI global policies and targets were established. 

By 1980, Rwanda had introduced three childhood vaccines nationwide: Bacillus Calmette–Guerin (BCG), diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis combination (DTP), and measles, as well as maternal tetanus toxoid.

Since then, the government of Rwanda has introduced new Vaccines.

Here is the statistics:

Name of Vaccine –  BCG          

  • The year 1980 
  • Percentage of 99

Name of Vaccine –  DTP3   

  • The year 1980 
  • Percentage of 98

Name of Vaccine –  MCV

  • Year 1980 
  • Percentage 97

Name of Vaccine –  Pol3

  • Year 1980 
  • Percentage 98

Name of Vaccine –  PAB

  • Year 1980 
  • Percentage 85

Name of Vaccine – HepB3

  • Year 2002 
  • Percentage 98

Name of Vaccine – Hib3

  • Year 2002 
  • Percentage 98

Name of Vaccine – PCV3

  • Year 2011
  • Percentage 98

Name of Vaccine – HPVa

  • Year 2011
  • Percentage 97

Name of Vaccine – Rota

  • Year 2012
  • Percentage 99

Name of Vaccine – MRb

  • Year 2013
  • Percentage 98

Presently, World Health Organisation, (WHO) recommends the following Vaccination for Rwanda: hepatitis A, hepatitis B, typhoid, yellow fever, rabies, meningitis, polio, measles, mumps and rubella (MMR), Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis), chickenpox, shingles, pneumonia and influenza

Cost of Hepatitis a Vaccine in Rwanda 

The cost of Hepatitis a Vaccine in Rwanda is RWF 8, 700 but the government is negotiating with donor agencies to reduce the cost to RWF2,000 or RWF3,000.

where to Get Yellow Fever Vaccine in Rwanda

In Rwanda, Yellow fever vaccinations are not required for visitors coming from non-endemic countries, they are required for travelers coming from endemic countries and before traveling to most East African countries. 

They are available through the Rwanda Vaccine-Preventable Disease Division’s main office in Gikondo.  You can schedule a yellow fever vaccination on-line using the irembo platform (rol.rw/rolportal/web/rbc/yellow-fever-vaccination)

Countries with Risk of Yellow Fever Transmission

In Africa, we have Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Sudan, Togo and Uganda.

In  America, we have Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago and finally Venezuela.

Typhoid Vaccine In Rwanda

Typhoid Fever is a gastrointestinal infection caused by Salmonella enterica Typhi bacteria. 

It is transmitted from person to person through the fecal-oral route where an infected or asymptomatic individual (who does not exhibit symptoms) with poor hand or body hygiene passes the infection to another person when handling food and water. 

The bacteria multiply in the intestinal tract and can spread to the bloodstream.

You can get Typhoid Vaccine in Rwanda in any of their government hospitals, i.e Public Health Centers or District Hospitals.


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